Paper Profile

Design of a MultiSpectrum CANDU-based Reactor, MSCR, with 37-Element Fuel Bundles Using Serpent Code

Documents: Full paper available in Conference Proceedings.
Date: Tuesday October 20
Time:15:25 - 15:50
Session:2C1: Advanced Design II
Authors: Mohamed Hussein (Royal Military College of Canada)
Hugues Bonin (Royal Military College of Canada)
Brent Lewis (University of Ontario Institute of Technology)
Paul Chan (Royal Military College of Canada)

The burning of highly-enriched uranium and plutonium from dismantled nuclear warhead material in the new design nuclear power plants represents an important step towards nonproliferation. The blending of these highly enriched uranium and plutonium with with uranium dioxide from the spent fuel of CANDU reactors, or mixing it with depleted uranium would need a very long time to dispose of this material. Consequently, considering that more efficient transmutation of actinides occurs in fast neutron reactors, a novel Multi-Spectrum CANDU Reactor, has been designed on the basis of the CANDU6 reactor with two concentric regions. The simulations of the MSCR were carried out using the SERPENT code. The inner or fast neutron spectrum core is fuelledbydifferent levels of enriched uranium oxides. The helium is used as a coolant in the fast neutron core. The outer or the thermal neutron spectrum core is fuelled with natural uranium with heavy water as both moderator and coolant. Both cores use 37- element fuel bundles. The size of the two cores and the percentage level of enrichment of the fresh fuel in the fast core were optimized according to the criticality safety of the whole reactor. The excess reactivity, the regeneration factor, radial and axial flux shapes of the MSCR reactor werecalculated at different of the concentration of fissile isotope 235U of uranium fuel at the fast neutron spectrum core. The effect of variation of the concentration of the fissile isotope on the fluxes in both cores at each energy bin has been studied.

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