Paper Profile

Applicability of Simplified Human Reliability Analysis Methods for Severe Accidents

Documents: Full paper available in Conference Proceedings.
Date: Tuesday October 20
Time:10:45 - 11:10
Session:2A1: ThermalHydraulics & Safety II
Authors: Ronald Boring (Idaho National Laboratory, USA)
Shawn Germain (Idaho National Laboratory, USA)
Georgeta Banaseanu (Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission)
Hayat Chatri (Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission)
Yolande Akl (Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission)

Most contemporary human reliability analysis (HRA) methods were created to analyse design-basis accidents at nuclear power plants. As part of a comprehensive expansion of risk assessments at many plants internationally, HRAs will begin considering severe accident scenarios. Severe accidents, while extremely rare, constitute high consequence events that significantly challenge successful operations and recovery. Challenges during severe accidents include degraded and hazardous operating conditions at the plant, the shift in control from the main control room to the technical support center, the unavailability of plant instrumentation, and the need to use different types of operating procedures. Such shifts in operations may also test key assumptions in existing HRA methods. This paper discusses key differences between design basis and severe accidents, reviews efforts to date to create customized HRA methods suitable for severe accidents, and recommends practices for adapting existing HRA methods that are already being used for HRAs at the plants.

Back to Top